Water Policy


Dr. Bradford has advised on numerous water and wastewater policies in Ontario, with particular expertise in the areas of urban stormwater management and aquatic ecosystem protection. Her research is also actively advancing the techniques to implement progressive ecosystem protection policies.


Oak Ridges Moraine Conservation Plan

The Oak Ridges Moraine Conservation Plan (ORMCP) was intended to direct land use and resource management to protect the ecological integrity of the Oak Ridges Moraine. The ORMCP was originally conceived as a land use plan, with a feature-focussed and issue-based approach to water management. Dr. Bradford’s principal contribution was to the development of the “water provisions” (of Part III and Part IV), which took a more integrated approach to water management, one that better recognized the three-dimensional and dynamic nature of aquatic ecosystems. The water provisions ultimately included preventive and mitigative provisions within a framework of adaptive watershed management. A key challenge in developing the Plan was reconciling appropriate boundaries for water resources management with the Moraine’s landform-based, administrative boundary.

Bradford, A. Water Policy for Ecosystem Integrity: Oak Ridges Moraine Conservation Plan, Ontario, Canada. Water International, in press.


Aggregate Extraction vs. Streams and Wetlands in Ontario

A current project is examining potential conflicts between aggregate extraction and water resources, particularly surface features such as streams and wetlands. The project involves a review of Ontario’s existing legislation, policy and processes for development applications, licensing and permitting associated with aggregate extraction. Previously published critiques have also been reviewed. Examples of sites where streams and wetlands have been sustained with adjacent aggregate extraction, as well as examples where degradation has occurred, are being identified. This is being accomplished through interviews, review of accessible data and site visits. The first phase of the project is identifying future research directions, available data and potential study sites.


2008 Andrea Bradford